Recently more cities are taking steps to encourage food growth within city limits. The reasons range from addressing the challenges of climate change and food security to hunger and obesity prevention. The obvious benefits are there, and people are starting to take notice.
With the environment being such a global issue, large scale industrial agriculture has become the focus of many debates regarding its’ effects on the earths eco system. Industrial farming affects water levels and biodiversity while being a significant driver of climate change. Creating food growing operations within city limits is seen as one effective way to reduce the environmental impact of agriculture and many communities are taking steps to get started.
With outsourced large-scale food production there is also the problem that climate change can present with extreme weather changes that can affect crop growth. One example are the frequent droughts experienced in California which is a major produce provider. There is no guarantee that food production will remain the same year after year and prices can soar unexpectedly. Outsourced food is also susceptible to fuel costs which can drive up delivery costs.
With local grown food the travel necessary to get from farm to the table is negligible making the food fresher and healthier. Costs can also be better controlled since fuel and transport is less expensive. Community gardens and raised beds transform unused spaces while giving individuals the opportunity to be more involved in their community.
The trend is also catching on with restaurants and schools that are seeking local food sources. Entrepreneurs have seen the opportunity for small business in food supply companies and operations. Recent innovations in food production remove market entry barriers and empower more communities and individuals to grow their own food.
Some futurists have already predicted that the cities of the future will all have local grown food with entire building dedicated to food production.